NATO, the Warsaw Pact and the European non-aligned 1949-75:
Threat assessments, doctrines and war plans
12-14 June 2003, Spitzbergen (Longyearbyen), Norway
The conference was organized by the PHP's Norwegian partner, the Institute for Defence Studies in Oslo, sponsored by the PHP, and supported by the Norwegian Ministry of Defence, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Danish Institute for International Affairs, and the University Roma Tre, Dipartimento di Studi sullo stato e scienze sociali.
Keynote Speaker: Lt Gen (US Army, ret.) William Odom
|Thursday 12 June|
- Formal opening of conference
- Introduction about Spitzbergen
- Talk by Governor of Spitzbergen or his representative on contemporary issues
|Friday 13 June|
Section I: The Warsaw Pact in Europe
Chairman: Rolf Tamnes
- Vojtech Mastny: "Inventing War: Soviet Strategy and Europe, 1949-79"
- Jordan Baev: "The Warsaw Pact: organizational and doctrinal evolution (1955-1969)"
- Imre Okváth: "The Hungarian People's Army integration into the Warsaw Pact and its war plans during the 1960s and the 1970s"
- Mathias Uhl: "Storming on to Paris". The HQ Staff exercise Buria and Warsaw Pact plans during the second Berlin Crisis"
- Petr Lunák: "Warsaw Pact war plans under Stalin and Khrushchev: the case of Czechoslovakia"
- Frede P. Jensen: "The threat against Denmark: Warsaw Pact exercises and operational plans during the 1960s and 1970s"
- Bernd Schäfer: "Double Threat" - the GDR's post-1961 Struggle against External and Internal "Enemies"
- Pawel Piotrowski: "The Polish Front (Army Group) 1955-1965: Planning and realisation"
- Section II: NATO - strains and consensus
Chairman: Olav Riste
- Beatrice Heuser: "NATO: alliance of democracies and nuclear deterrence posture"
- Kjell Inge Bjerga & Kjetil Skogrand: "NATO planning and decision-making: A small-state perspective"
- Lawrence S. Kaplan: "U.S. Withdrawal of Troops from Europe in the 1960s: McNamara vs. the U.S. Establishment"
- Charles Cogan: "The Years of High Turbulence:France, the United States and NATO, 1958-1975"
- Jan Hoffenaar: "Competing interests and perceptions of the threat: the NATO-French-Dutch quarrel about the defence line in the Central Sector of NATO, 1951-1954"
- Jonathan Agger & Trine Engholm Michelsen: "Soviet Impact on the Making of Danish Security Policy 1949-1962"
|Saturday 14 June|
Section III: The great confrontation - western perspectives
Chairman: Vojtech Mastny
- Andreas Wenger: "The evolution of NATO strategic thinking: Changing threat perceptions and the politics of military planning"
- James K. McDonald: "Is Time on Our Side? CIA's Estimates and the Threat of War, 1950-60".
- William Burr: "The Nixon Administration and Limited Nuclear Options, 1969-1974: The Other Side of Detente"
- Olav Njølstad: "Shifting priorities: The Persian Gulf in US and NATO strategic planning in the Carter years"
- Norbert Wiggershaus: "NATO Assessment of the Eastern Penetration of the 'Third World' in the mid-Fifties"
Section IV: The Warsaw Pact, NATO and the non-aligned
Chairman: Sven G. Holtsmark
- Wilhelm Agrell: "Silent allies and hostile neutrals - non-aligned states in Soviet and Western politics and strategy"
- Ohto Manninen: "The question of Finnish and Soviet military consultations"
- Lars Ericsson: "'Preparations Made for Assistance from Abroad'. Threat Perceptions and War Planning in Sweden during the Cold War"
- Erwin Schmidl: "Between East and West: Austria in the Cold War"
- Hans-Rudolf Fuhrer: "The doctrine of the active and solidary neutrality. Switzerland in the field of tension between East and West in the fifties and sixties"
- Milorad Timotic: "Non-aligned international position of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and its doctrine of Total National Defense in the 1960s and 1970s"
- Petteri Jouko: "Between the lines - Finnish threat assessments and war plans, 1944-1960"
|Sunday 15 June|
- Excursion/boat trip